Wednesday, 30 August 2017

Houston, we have a problem

'"Houston, we have a problem" is a popular but erroneous quote from the radio communications between the Apollo 13 astronauts and the NASA Mission Control Center ("Houston") during the Apollo 13 spaceflight,[1] as the astronauts communicated their discovery of the explosion that crippled their spacecraft. '
That quote may have been erroneous, however, there are now two Houston problems.


The First: Alarmists at the Houston Chronicle told its readers, in 2011,  to get used to more hot and dry summer weather driven by climate change. 

Get used to it!
The weather of the 21st century will be very much like the hot and dry weather of 2011.


Mark Albright, Dept of Atmospheric Sciences,University of Washington writes:

Little did they know what nature had in store for them in summer 2017!

The other and more important problem is that Houston produces nearly one-third of U.S. refining capacity:

Texas refineries face flooding, disruption threat from Hurricane Harvey

  • Hurricane Harvey is expected to hit Texas on Friday.
  • The Houston region's oil refineries could be in danger.
  • It could take 18 to 36 months for refineries to return to full production capacity if they sustain 2 feet of flooding, Bay Area Houston Economic Partnership President Bob Mitchell said.

Hedge-fund industry's favorite weatherman says Harvey could cause 'historic' flooding in Texas  

Friday, 25 August 2017

CO2 and Pollution

Of the alarmist's position on CO2, an astrophysicist friend of mine recently wrote:

For me, the greater annoyance is their repeated reference to carbon dioxide as "pollution."  That shows how uneducated and corrupt they really are.  
  • Since every living creature exhales carbon dioxide, it can hardly be pollution.  
  • Since carbon dioxide is obviously non-toxic, it can hardly be pollution.  
  • And since we are all carbon creatures who derive our existence from atmospheric carbon dioxide, it is especially absurd to call carbon dioxide "pollution."
In a recent book CLIMATE CHANGE: The Facts 2017 published by Australia's Institute of Public Affairs edited by Dr. Jennifer Marohasy, Dr. Craig D Idso wrote

Perhaps the best known consequence of enriching the air wih CO2 is that planned productivity is this stimulated. This growth enhancement occurs because, at a fundamental level, CO2 is the basis of almost all life on Earth. It is the primary raw material used by plants during the process of photosynthesis to produce the organic matter out of which they construct their tissues. Consequently, literally thousands of laboratory and field experiments conducted over the past several decades have demonstrated that the more CO2 there is in the air, the better plants will grow (Idso et al 2014.)
Source: Jo Nova: The 800 year lag.
We saw in Al Gore's first SciFi film the longterm graphs documenting CO2 and temperature and his facetious remark about the graphs going together.

What he implied was that CO2 was causing changes in temperature. Although he referred to the graphs going together, Al had deceptively separated the graphs. He knew if he put them on the same axis (see above), it would be obvious that temperature led the changes in CO2.

So we can see that, in the long history of the Vostok Ice Cores, above rise in temperature precedes rise in CO2 with a lag of ~800years.

In recent times, the same is true. As reported in New Scientist:

Climate myths: The cooling after 1940 shows  
CO2 does not cause warming
After rising rapidly during the first part of the 20th century, global average temperatures did cool by about 0.2ºC 
after 1940 and remained low until 1970, after which they began to climb again. 
From Professor Ole Humlum's Climate4You,  the above graph, plotting data from Mauna Loa and

temperature data from HadCRUT 4 and the lack of correlation between CO2 and temperature.

Another blow against the alarmists' great global warming fraud.

See also  

Medieval Warm Period was real, global, & warmer than the present.

Greenpeace Co-Founder Patrick Moore has the last word: The Truth about CO2

Sunday, 20 August 2017

"our ABC" is not working to its charter. It is not "fair and balanced."

In the video below, notice how many times Emma Alberici interrupts Senator Malcom Roberts just as he is making a strong point.

The video ends with Malcolm saying:
Impartiality and accuracy is not existent at the ABC.
Maurice Newman, your Chairman, a few years ago, actually stood up and called the ABC staff on their group think. All he did was make a few few comments on that and he was howled down.
Even the Chairman can't speak within the ABC.
And did Ms Alberici rebut this?  NO!

Senator Roberts, we are out of time.
And the incident, re Maurice Newman that Senator Roberts referred to was reported on these pages:

See - True Lies and Misinformation

But of course the ABC went against their chairman Maurice Newman. Newman said that they should be even-handed on reporting of the global warming debate (link) but the ABC journalists should be called activists because they revolted and went against the ABC's charter and their chairman's wishes. 

Mr Newman was criticised by Christopher Warren, the Federal Secretary of the Media, Entertainment & Arts Alliance in a letter the next day: 
Since his speech I have been contacted by a number of Media Alliance members from the ABC’s news and current affairs team who have interpreted Mr Newman’s remarks as an attempt to influence the ABC’s line on climate change.
I was concerned to read yesterday the remarks made by ABC chairman, Maurice Newman, to a gathering of journalists, program-makers and management on Wednesday.

Note that the Federal Secretary of the Union did not refer to the ABC's charter to be even handed but was condemning the the Chairman, Mr Maurice Newman saying his remarks were an attempt to influence the ABC's line on Climate Change.

Actually the remarks of 
the Federal Secretary of the Union were a forced attempt to corrupt the Charter of the ABC.

No comment on this Ms Alberici?

Thursday, 17 August 2017

Medieval Warm Period was real, global, & warmer than the present.

Alarmists will tell you that the Medieval Warm Period was

a) not as warm as the late 20th Century warming; and

b) was only in Europe.

This alarmist propaganda goes against the real data. Penn State Professor Michael Mann has made similar claims of modern temperatures being the warmest, but such “Hockey Stick” temperature claims have been demolished in the scientific literature.

Climate Depot's Medieval Warm Period Round Up of Studies.   (March 8, 2013)
The latest research clearly reveals that the Medieval Warm Period (used to be referred to as the Medieval Climate Optimum) has been verified and was in fact global, not just confined to the Northern Hemisphere. 
The Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change reported in 2009 that the “Medieval Warm Period was: (1) global in extent, (2) at least as warm as, but likely even warmer than, the Current Warm Period, and (3) of a duration significantly longer than that of the Current Warm Period to date.” 
In addition, The Science and Public Policy Institute reported in May 2009: “More than 700 scientists from 400 institutions in 40 countries have contributed peer-reviewed papers providing evidence that the Medieval Warm Period (MWP) was real, global, and warmer than the present. And the numbers grow larger daily.”
Climate Depot then links many papers and sources. (see here) Following are examples:

New paper finds Medieval Warming Period was ~1°C warmer than current — ‘A new paper published in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology finds that the Medieval Warming Period ‘was warmer than the late 20th century by ~1°C.’

New Peer-Reviewed Study: Climate was HOTTER in Roman, medieval times than now — UN IPCC has got it all wrong, say scientists — Published in hefty climate journal Nature Climate Change, the cooling effect of orbital shifting on the climate has been up to four times as powerful as anthropogenic (human-caused) warming pressures’

Antarctica Global Warming: Advanced Science Methods Establish That Medieval Period Was Warmer — ‘With constant frigid temperatures, the idea of modern Antarctica ‘global warming’ that is ‘unprecedented’ seems rather ludicrous -indeed it is ludicrous, as latest research again confirms Medieval Warming Period was hotter’

New paper confirms Little Ice Age was a global phenomenon, related to solar activity — Paper published in Geophysical Research Letters confirms that ‘the Little Ice Age was a global event, probably caused by a change in solar [activity] and volcanic forcing [activity], and was not simply a seesaw-type redistribution of heat between the hemispheres as would be predicted by some ocean-circulation hypotheses’

Peer Reviewed Study Establishes Unprecedented Medieval Warming On Tropical Island In Southern HemisphereWirrmann et al. confirmed that the peak mangrove growth was during the 950 to 1250 AD period, which would conform to the approximate Medieval period in the Northern Hemisphere. The tropical mangrove plant prospers in warmer climates.

We also have many papers listed on the CO2 Science MWP Project. Project Overview
Study Description and Results
   Australia/New Zealand
   North America
   Northern Hemisphere
   South America

As can be seen, the links cover most of the globe. Click on each area and peer-reviewed papers are listed and rated as level 1,2 and 3. 
For a description of the study levels below, click here.

Here are a few:

Lake Tanganyika, East Africa

Tierney, J.E., Mayes, M.T., Meyer, N., Johnson, C., Swarzenski, P.W., Cohen, A.S. and Russell, J.M. 2010. Late-twentieth-century warming in Lake Tanganyika unprecedented since AD 500. Nature Geoscience 3: 422-425.

Eastern Bransfield Basin, Antarctic Peninsula

Khim, B.-K., Yoon, H.I., Kang, C.Y. and Bahk, J.J.  2002.  Unstable climate oscillations during the Late Holocene in the Eastern Bransfield Basin, Antarctic Peninsula.  Quaternary Research 58: 234-245.

Kyoto, Japan

Aono, Y. and Saito, S. 2010. Clarifying springtime temperature reconstructions of the medieval period by gap-filling the cherry blossom phenological data series at Kyoto, Japan. International Journal of Biometeorology 54: 211-219.

New Zealand Cave

Wilson, A.T., Hendy, C.H. and Reynolds, C.P.  1979.  Short-term climate change and New Zealand temperatures during the last millennium.  Nature 279: 315-317.

Great Bahama Bank, Straits of Florida

Lund, D.C. and Curry, W. 2006. Florida Current surface temperature and salinity variability during the last millennium. Paleoceanography 21: 10.1029/2005PA001218.

Pigmy Basin Mg/Ca Proxy, Northern Gulf of Mexico

Richey, J.N., Poore, R.Z., Flower, B.P. and Quinn, T.M. 2007. 1400 yr multiproxy record of climate variability from the northern Gulf of Mexico. Geology 35: 423-426.

Jacaf Fjord, Northern Patagonia, Chile

Sepulveda, J., Pantoja, S., Hughen, K.A., Bertrand, S., Figueroa, D., Leon, T., Drenzek, N.J. and Lange, C. 2009. Late Holocene sea-surface temperature and precipitation variability in northern Patagonia, Chile (Jacaf Fjord, 44°S). Quaternary Research 72: 400-409.

Just a sample, but it can be seen from the volume of peer reviewed papers:

“More than 700 scientists from 400 institutions in 40 countries have contributed peer-reviewed papers providing evidence that the Medieval Warm Period (MWP) was real, global, and warmer than the present. And the numbers grow larger daily.”

So, that means the alarmists are the true deniers.

= = = = = = = = = = 

See also Notalotofpeopleknowthat - Little Ice Age and MWP in South Africa

Sunday, 13 August 2017

Warm periods in the 20th century are not unprecedented during the last 2,000 years

A paper by Prof. Quansheng Ge published in Advances in Atmospheric Sciences shows that the warm period in the twentieth century is not unprecedented.

From Eurekalert:

A great deal of evidence relating to ancient climate variation is preserved in proxy data such as tree rings, lake sediments, ice cores, stalagmites, corals and historical documents, and these sources carry great significance in evaluating the 20th-century warming in the context of the last two millennia.
Prof. Quansheng Ge and his group from the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, collected a large number of proxies and reconstructed a 2000-year temperature series in China with a 10-year resolution, enabling them to quantitatively reveal the characteristics of temperature change in China over a common era.

“We found four warm epochs,” says Prof. Ge, “which were AD 1 to AD 200, AD 550 to AD 760, AD 950 to AD 1300, and the 20th century.
“Cold periods occurred between AD 210 and AD 350, AD 420 and AD 530, AD 780 and AD 940, and AD 1320 and AD 1900. The temperature amplitude between the warmest and coldest decades was 1.3°C.”
Prof. Ge’s team found that the most rapid warming in China occurred over AD 1870-2000, at a rate of 0.56 ± 0.42°C (100 yr)?1; however, temperatures recorded in the 20th century may not be unprecedented in the last 2000 years, as reconstruction showed records for the period from 981 to 1100, and again from 1201 to 1270, were comparable to those of the present warm period, but with an uncertainty of ±0.28°C to ±0.42°C at the 95% confidence interval.
Since 1000 CE—the period covering the Medieval Climate Anomaly, Little Ice Age, and the present warm period—temperature variations over China have typically been in phase with those of the Northern Hemisphere as a whole.
Prof. Ge’s team also detected some interactions between temperature variation and precipitation change. The ensemble means of dryness/wetness spatial patterns in eastern China across all Centennial warm periods illustrate a tripole pattern: dry south of 25°N; wet from 25°-30°N; and dry to the north of 30°N.
For all cold periods, the ensemble mean drought/flood spatial patterns showed an east to west distribution, with flooding east of 115°E and drought dominant west of 115°E, with the exception of flooding between approximately110°E and 105°E.
The general characteristics of the impacts of climatic change historically were negative in the cold periods and positive in the warm periods. For example, 25 of the 31 most prosperous periods in Imperial China during the past 2,000 years occurred during periods of warmth or warming. [my emphasis]
A cooling trend at the centennial scale and social economic decline run hand-in-hand. The rapid development supported by better resources and a better environment in warm periods could lead to an increase in social vulnerability when the climate turns once more to being relatively colder.
The study is published in Advances in Atmospheric Sciences.
Volume 34, Issue 8pp 941–951