Thursday, 5 January 2012

Heatwaves in New York and South Eastern Australia.

Ed Kohn wrote a book titled "Hot Time in the Old Town."

NPR review:
During the summer of 1896, a 10-day heat wave killed nearly 1,500 people, many of them tenement-dwellers, across New York City. Many thousands of people were crammed into tenements on the Lower East Side, with no air conditioning, little circulating air and no running water.

"This was 10 days [with temperatures reaching] 90 degrees at street level and 90 percent humidity, with temperatures not even dropping at night," Kohn says. "No wind — so at night there was absolutely no relief whatsoever."


Meanwhile, also in 1896, in South Eastern Australia, widespread heatwaves killed 437 including 47 in Bourke, New South Wales.  (http://www.disasters.ema.gov.au/ )
There must have been many jet flights and a multitude of SUVs warming the atmosphere in 1896.

Atmospheric greenhouse effect and its climatic impact are based on meritless conjectures

Paper published in Natural Science vol 3 No 12 December 2011 - here.

Author(s)
Gerhard Kramm, Ralph Dlugi
ABSTRACT
In this paper, we scrutinize two completely different explanations of the so-called atmospheric greenhouse effect:

First, the explanation of the American Meteorological Society (AMS) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) quantifying this effect by two characteristic temperatures, secondly, the explanation of Ramanathan et al. [1] that is mainly based on an energy-flux budget for the Earth-atmosphere system. Both explanations are related to the global scale.

In addition, we debate the meaning of climate, climate change, climate variability and climate variation to outline in which way the atmospheric greenhouse effect might be responsible for climate change and climate variability, respectively. In doing so, we distinguish between two different branches of climatology, namely 1) physical climatology in which the boundary conditions of the Earth-atmosphere system play the dominant role and 2) statistical climatology that is dealing with the statistical description of fortuitous weather events which had been happening in climate periods; each of them usually comprises 30 years.

Based on our findings, we argue that 1) the so-called atmospheric greenhouse effect cannot be proved by the statistical description of fortuitous weather events that took place in a climate period, 2) the description by AMS and W?MO has to be discarded because of physical reasons, 3) energy-flux budgets for the Earth-atmosphere system do not provide tangible evidence that the atmospheric greenhouse effect does exist. Because of this lack of tangible evidence it is time to acknowledge that the atmospheric greenhouse effect and especially its climatic impact are based on meritless conjectures.

RSS Satellite Data Shows No Arctic Warming For Seven Years

http://www.remss.com/

From Steven Goddard's Real Science